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国有企业管理中治理腐败问题的策略探究

时间:2019-10-10 来源:未知 作者:依依 本文字数:4516字

  摘要

  我国国企所有权归全民所有,由国家出资建设,旨在促进国家经济资源保值增值,为人民创造价值的重要经济组成部分,承担着国家经济宏观调控的重要作用。可以说,国有企业的发展是中国经济未来发展重要组成部分。近年来,不断深入的国企深化改革,国有企业逐步建立起现在企业管理模式,取得了长足进步。但是需要警惕的是,国有企业管理中的腐败问题始终存在,进而带来了国有资源大量流失,国有企业发展活力有待激发等问题,不能使国有资源得到有效保值增值。随着国家经济社会全面深化改革的不断深入,以及打击腐败的高压态势和取得的丰硕成果,国有企业管理中的腐败问题必须要得到有效解决,国企将面临国家更加严厉的反腐败监察。通过反腐败惩防体系建设,可以有效打击国有企业高管腐败的嚣张气焰,减少国有资产的流失,增强国企发展的竞争力,为人民创造更多价值。因此从公共管理视角精准分析我国国企管理中高管腐败行为产生缘由,进而提出有效应对方式,减少我国国企管理中腐败案件的发生,促进国有企业全面深化改革取得实效尤为重要。

  当前,学术界众多学者对对国有企业腐败问题的进行了探究,提出的对策方法众多,涉及面广,但是着重点在腐败成因和对策研究,且分析当下反腐形势的不多,在此基础上提出解决国企腐败问题的对策较少。本文结合笔者在国有企业工作经验,通过对当前我国国企高管管理中腐败问题产生原因及当前形势进行详细分析,希望对探索预防和解决国企当中腐败问题的方法路径提供有价值的参考。本文主要对腐败定义及理论依据,腐败的表现,产生原因,当前反腐形势,提出对策建议五部分进行分析和论述。

  第一部分,通过对国有企业、腐败、反腐败概念的界定,及本文所使用的理论研究依据介绍,明晰本文所要研究的基础内容。

  第二部分,介绍当前我国国有企业管理中高官腐败现状及特征,通过案例分析论证我国国企腐败的实际情况及造成的严重后果,强调对国企腐败有效治理的任务迫在眉睫。

  第三部分,结合笔者工作经验以及了解到的实际情况,分析当下国有企业管理过程中腐败问题产生的深层次原因。

  第四部分,全面客观分析当前社会反腐败的形势,通过对 50 篇文献书籍阅读,运用数据分析法,整理当前学术界提出应腐败的方式方法,介绍国外卓有成效的预防腐败惩防体系建设做法。

  第五部分,通过对国企腐败问题产生原因的分析,结合各国反腐先进经验,从我国国企腐败及反腐治理的实际情况出发,在民主建设、完善选人用人机制、提高监督督察效率等方面提出对策。

  关键词:国企,高管,腐败,民主,监督

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  Abstract

  China's state-owned enterprises are owned by the whole people and funded by the state

  They are aimed at promoting the preservation and appreciation of the country's economicresources, creating important economic components for the people, and bearing theimportant role of the national economic macro-control It can be said that the development ofstate-owned enterprises directly affects the future development of the Chinese economy Inrecent years, after deepening the deepening reform of state-owned enterprises, state-ownedenterprises have gradually established a current corporate management model and madegreat progress However, it is necessary to be vigilant that the problem of corruption in themanagement of state-owned enterprises has always existed, which has led to the loss ofstate-owned resources and the lack of vitality of state-owned enterprises, which cannotachieve the purpose of efficient preservation and appreciation of state-owned resources Withthe deepening of the country's economic and social deepening reforms, as well as thehigh-pressure situation and the fruitful results of cracking down on corruption, the corruptionproblem in the management of state-owned enterprises must be effectively solved

  State-owned enterprises are also the key areas for the country's next anti-corruption work

  Through the construction of anti-corruption and prevention system, it can effectively combatthe arrogance of state-owned enterprise executives' corruption, reduce the loss ofstate-owned assets, enhance the competitiveness of state-owned enterprises, and create morevalue for the people Therefore, it is especially important to analyze the causes of corruptionin the management of state-owned enterprises in China from the perspective of publicmanagement, and then propose effective ways to reduce the incidence of corruption instate-owned enterprises in China and promote the healthy development of state-ownedenterprises

  At present, academic research on the corruption of state-owned enterprises is veryabundant, and there are many countermeasures and methods, but there are limited reasonsfor the corruption problem and the current anti-corruption situation at home and abroad Onthis basis, it proposes to solve the problem of corruption of state-owned enterprises Thereare fewer countermeasures This paper combines the author's work experience instate-owned enterprises, through a detailed analysis of the causes and current situation ofcorruption in China's state-owned enterprise executive management, and hopes to provide avaluable reference for exploring ways to prevent and solve corruption problems in state-owned enterprises This paper mainly analyzes and discusses the definition andtheoretical basis of corruption, the performance of corruption, the causes, the currentanti-corruption situation, and the proposed countermeasures

  The first part, through the definition of state-owned enterprises, corruption,anti-corruption concept, and the theoretical research basis used in this article, clarify thebasic content of this paper

  The second part,introduces the current situation and characteristics of the corruption ofsenior officials in the management of state-owned enterprises in China Through caseanalysis, it demonstrates the actual situation of corruption of state-owned enterprises inChina and the serious consequences, and emphasizes the necessity and urgency of corruptioncontrol of state-owned enterprises

  The third part, combined with the author's work experience and the actual situation,analyzes the deep-rooted causes of corruption in the current state-owned enterprisemanagement process

  The fourth part is a comprehensive and objective analysis of the current situation ofanti-corruption in society Through reading 50 books and using data analysis methods, itsorts out the current methods and methods of corruption in the academic circles, andintroduces the effective practice of building corruption prevention and prevention systemsabroad

  The fifth part, through the analysis of the causes of corruption in state-ownedenterprises, combined with the advanced experience of anti-corruption in various countries,starting from the actual situation of corruption and anti-corruption governance of Chinesestate-owned enterprises, puts forward countermeasures in the aspects of democraticconstruction, perfecting the mechanism of selecting and employing people, improving theefficiency of supervision and supervision

  Keywords: state-owned enterprises, executives, corruption, democracy, supervision

  目 录

  第一章 概念界定与理论基础

  (一)国有企业的概念

  1.国有企业

  国有企业在许多国家都存在着,但是由于社会制度的不同,我国国有企业的概念和西方国家的国有企业概念有很大的不同。充分了解不同学者对国有企业的定义,有利于更好研究本文问题的实质。

  1.1 西方国家对国有企业的定义

  西方学术界对于国有企业的定义始终存在争议。一方面,不同经济主体对国有企业进行不同定义。英国学者戴维·w·皮尔斯(David· W·Pierce)在《现代经济学辞典》中对国有企业做出如下定义:“由政府所有和控制的,用市场方式生产向消费者其他生产者销售产品。”

  这一定义点明了国企公司的所有权问题。西方经济学界将国有企业还有不同的翻译词语与之对应。如政府所有公司(government-owned corporation)、国家企业(state enterprise)、公营企业(public enterprise)等,30。这些概念都不能完全涵盖国有企业全部内容,但是可以指出国有企业普遍存在的特点:一是企业所有权归属于国家的性质。二是国家垄断资经营公司一般是国有企业。三是国有企业参与市场竞争,谋求经济利益。

  1.2 我国对国有企业的定义

  我国国有企业从计划经济时代到市场经济时代一路走来,其内涵与管理方式不断发生变化,随着国家经济社会的发展不断赋予不同的任务和使命。一般来说,国有企业是指由政府全部出资控股或参股的企业。

  国有企业所有权属于全体国民,由国家代为出资建设和管理。因此国有企业与政府之间联系紧密,国企由国家及省市发改委管辖并派遣公务员担任国有企业负责人。国有企业所在行业基本是国家资源垄断领域,如电力、石油、通信等。国有企业还参与一些大型装备制造产业,涉及民生领域行业,如汽车行业。国企的垄断性和国有背景使得国有企业面对市场经济体质下的反应不灵敏,不能准确迅速捕捉到市场所需,国有企业的竞争力在一些领域不如其他经济方式经营的企业。

  其垄断特性的同时要参与市场竞争,这就使国企有着而国企承担的责任则是多方面的,通过经营手段使国有资产保值增值只是目的之一,同时国企还肩负着作为国家宏观经济调控手段的职能,即通过国有企业增加就业,保持经济增长,保障国家战略资源安全。由于国有企业普遍体量巨大,稳定性较强,国企内员工流动程度也相对较小,因此国企也发挥着保持社会稳定的重要作用。

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  (二)腐败与反腐败的概念
  (三) 理论基础

  第二章 国有企业腐败问题的现状分析
  (一)国企管理中腐败的表现
  (二) 国企管理中腐败的特征
  (三)案例分析

  第三章 国有企业管理中腐败问题产生的成因分析
  (一)国企“一把手”权力高度集中
  (二) 选人用人机制存在问题
  (三) 监督体系不完善

  第四章 当前反腐形势及先进经验
  (一)国内外反腐形势
  (二)西方国家反腐败先进做法
  (三)反腐败建设措施的对比分析

  第五章 国有企业管理中治理腐败问题的对策
  (一) 加强国企内部民主管理制度的完善
  (二) 加强干部队伍建设能力
  (三)完善监督体系机制

  结 论
  参考文献

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